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Let's Speak Italian!

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Week #007 Review, Tuesday

November 25th, 2014

Episode 21 of 121 episodes

The seven ways to say 'the' are il, lo, l', la, i, gli, and le. Now here are the rules for deciding which of these forms to use. il = will precede masculine singular nouns that begin with a consonant, except words beginning with ps, pn, gn, z and s followed by a consonant. il libro = the book il ragazzo = the boy lo = will precede masculine singular nouns that begin with ps, pn, gn, z and s followed by a consonant. lo specchio = the mirror lo studente = the student l' = will precede all masculine and feminine singular nouns beginning with a vowel. l'amico = the friend l'acqua = the water la = will precede all feminine singular nouns beginning with a consonant. la donna = the woman la ragazza = the girl i = is the plural form of il. i libri = the books i ragazzi = the boys gli = is the plural form of lo and l' for masculine plural nouns. gli specchi = the mirrors gli amici = the friends le = is the plural form of both la and l' for feminine plural nouns. le donne = the women le acque = the waters parlare = to speak cantare = to sing mangiare = to eat studiare = to study giocare = to play pensare = to think comprare = to buy imparare = to learn amare = to love Then to conjugate the infinitive, you will drop the 'are' and add the following endings: io = add 'o' tu = add 'i' Lei/lui/lei = add 'a' noi = add 'iamo' voi = add 'ate' loro = add 'ano' So, for example, here is how to conjugate the verb 'cantare.' cantare = to sing io canto = I sing tu canti = you sing Lei/lui/lei canta = you/he/she sings noi cantiamo = we sing voi cantate = you sing loro cantano = they sing Lui mangia la pizza. = He eats the pizza. Noi mangiamo la pasta. = We eat the pasta. Loro mangiano gli spaghetti. = They eat the spaghetti. Io studio il libro. = I study the book. Lei studia l'italiano. = She studies Italian. Antonio ama Claudia. = Antonio loves Claudia. Gli amici giocano il calcio. = The friends play soccer. To ask a question in Italian, you just say the sentence with a questioning inflection at the end of the sentence. Tu parli l'italiano. = You speak Italian Tu parli l'italiano? = Do you speak Italian? Another short cut you can do in Italian, is you can drop the pronoun entirely because the verb changes for every pronoun. For example, you can say Io compro il pane. = I buy the bread Or you can drop the 'io' and just say Compro il pane. = I buy the bread. Because the word 'compro' is only used with 'io,' you can drop the 'io' and it is apparent that you mean 'I buy.' lettera = letter discorso = speech stanza = room lezione = lesson giornale = newspaper lingua = language, tongue ogni = every sempre = always oggi = today ieri = yesterday domani = tomorrow dopodomani = day after tomorrow per = for se = if scrivere = to write leggere = to read credere = to believe vedere = to see Then to conjugate these infinitives, you will drop the 'ere' and add the following endings: io = add 'o' tu = add 'i' Lei/lui/lei = add 'e' noi = add 'iamo' voi = add 'ete' loro = add 'ono' So to conjugate the verb 'scrivere': io scrivo tu scrivi Lei/lui/lei scrive noi scriviamo voi scrivete loro scrivono Noi leggiamo il discorso. = We read the speech. Io leggo il giornale. = I read the newspaper. Susana vede la casa. = Susana saw the house. Loro credono la lezione = They believed the lesson.

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