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Week #015 Review, Friday

January 9th, 2015

Episode 54 of 121 episodes

chiudere = to close chiudo, chiudi, chiude, chiudiamo, chiudete, chiudono ascoltare = to listen to ascolto, ascolti, ascolta, ascoltiamo, ascoltate, ascoltano aiutare = to help aiuto, aiuti, aiuta, aiutiamo, aiutate, aiutano lavorare = to work lavoro, lavori, lavora, lavoriamo, lavorate, lavorano cominciare = to begin comincio, cominci, comincia, cominciamo, cominciate, cominciano preparare = to prepare preparo, prepari, prepara, prepariamo, preparate, preparano potere = to be able to It also translate as 'can' or 'may.' io posso = I am able to, I can tu puoi = you are able to, you can (informal) Lei puo' = you are able to, you can (formal) lui/lei = he/she are able to, he/she can noi possiamo = we are able to, we can voi potete = you are able to, you can (plural) loro possono = they are able to, they can La donna puo' venire. = The woman can come. Possiamo andare dopo cena. = We can go after dinner. Posso parlare inglese? = May I speak English? Io posso cantare. = I can sing. Puo' mangiare la carne con una forchetta. = She can eat the meat with a fork. Lei puo' capire lo spagnolo? = Can you (formal) understand Spanish? I ragazzi italiani possono giocare il calcio. = The Italian boys can play soccer (football). Potete aiutare quell'uomo. = You (plural) can help that man. Mario puo' suonare il pianoforte. = Mario is able to play the piano. dovere = to have to. Can also be translated to the English word 'must.' io devo = I have to, I must tu devi = you have to, you must (informal) Lei deve = you have to, you must (formal) lui/lei deve = he/she has to, he/she must noi dobbiamo = we have to, we must voi dovete = you have to, you must (plural) loro devono = they have to, they must L'insegnante deve preparare la lezione. = The teacher has to prepare the lesson. Dovete lavorare ogni giorno. = You (plural) must work every day. Chi deve studiare il libro? = Who must study the book? Le ragazze devono andare al negozio. = The girls must go to the store. Il bambino deve ascoltare meglio. = The child must listen better. A che ora devi andare in classe? = What time do you have to go to class? Perche' devo portare una cravatta? = Why must I wear a tie? Quando dobbiamo avere i soldi? = When do we have to have the money? volere = to want, to want to io voglio = I want, I want to tu vuoi = you want, you want to (informal) Lei vuole = you want, you want to (formal) lui/lei vuole = he/she wants, he/she wants to noi vogliamo = we want, we want to voi volete = you want, you want to (plural) loro vogliono = they want, they want to 'volere' can be used in two ways. One is as a modal verb where it is followed by another verb in its infinitive form. Il dottore vuole parlare con Lei. = The doctor wants to speak with you (formal). Volete mangiare i fagioli oggi? = Do you (plural) want to eat beans today? Voglio ascoltare la canzone. = I want to listen to the song. Loro vogliono imparare il russo. = They want to learn Russian. 'volere' can also mean 'to want' without using it as a modal verb. Lui vuole un cane. = He wants a dog Vogliamo un insegnante buono. = We want a good teacher. Chi vuole un biscotto? = Who wants a cookie? sapere = to know how to io so = I know how to tu sai = you know how to (informal) Lei sa = you know how to (formal) lui/lei sa = he/she knows how to noi sappiamo = we know how to voi sapete = you know how to (plural) loro sanno = they know how to Gianni sa suonare il pianoforte. = Johnny knows how to play the piano. Gli studenti sanno studiare. = The students know how to study. Sapete parlare italiano? = Do you (plural) know how to speak Italian? Non so cantare molto bene. = I don't know how to sing very well. Che cosa sappiamo fare bene? = What do we know how to do well? I tedeschi sanno lavorare ogni giorno. = The Germans know how to work every day. I giapponesi sanno cucinare il pesce bene. = The Japanese know how to cook fish well.